“By restoring coastal wetlands, we can protect our people”


Five years of collaboration between NGOs, authorities and local communities in the Buna Delta offers inspiring solutions to protect and restore other wetlands in Albania.



of Mediterranean wetlands have been destroyed in the last 50 years.

150 million

people live in Mediterranean coastal areas.

Why we need to restore our wetlands

“A wetland is distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently or seasonally. This includes lagoons, marshes, salinas, swamps, etc”

Moreover, wetlands provide key environmental services, such as:

carbon sequestration

water purification

water for agriculture

food production

Preventing floods and sea level rise to protect local economies

In coastal municipalities, wetlands are essential to protect the population against floods, erosion and natural disasters.

The pioneering experience of Buna

A flooded future: Sea level rise in Buna Delta


The Buna River delta hosts the most important wetlands of high ecological value in the Eastern Mediterranean. Crop and livestock production, fishing and tourism in and around the Buna River are all heavily dependent on healthy wetland resources. But unsustainable practices putting pressure on these local ecosystems which are already highly threatened by the climate crisis.

Discover the achievements of other Mediterranean municipalities

Laguna di Venezia

In Laguna di Venezia, the creation of 220 ha of new wetlands is already mitigating flood risks with increased water storage capacity of some 1,800,000 m3.



In Camargue, France, a restoration programme has saved public funds of between €13 – €17 million for reconstructing dikes, €7-€24 million for the construction of groins, and at least €800,000 in annual maintenance.


Albufera de Valencia

In Albufera de Valencia, Spain, the economic value of the ecosystem services provided in one restored area has been estimated at more than €20 million.



Albania’s political commitments to the Paris Agreement and Ramsar Convention on Wetlands represent a unique opportunity to recover wetlands while contributing to economic development.

What can you do to contribute to conserving wetlands in your region?

Do you know of a wetland that could be restored?

In Albania wetlands are waiting for your help – you can use our solutions for inspiration and practical ideas: PANORAMA | Increasing Community Contribution to the Buna Delta
PANORAMA | Building PA Management Capacity in the Buna Protected Landscape

Contact the Wetland-based Solutions team

Would you like to know where to start? Our policy expert Marianne Courouble will be pleased to advise you on the first steps to plan your restoration activities.

Wetland-Based Solutions is a free-to-access resource and information platform put together by expert scientists, analysts and specialist organisations to assist decision-makers and managers in protecting and restoring these fragile and yet vital ecosystems